Why is water important?

The human body is around 60% water. This substance makes up a majority of your body weight and is involved in many important functions. Food also contributes a small amount to your daily water intake, but it’s important to eat portions that are nutritionally balanced.​

It helps create saliva
Water is a main component of saliva. Saliva also includes small amounts of electrolytes, mucus, and enzymes. 
It’s essential for breaking down solid food and keeping your mouth healthy. 
Saliva production may decrease as a result of age or certain medications or therapies. 
If your mouth is drier than usual, consider increasing your water intake.

It regulates your body temperature
Staying hydrated is crucial to maintaining your body temperature. 
Your body loses water through sweat during physical activity and in hot environments. 
If you’re sweating more than usual, drink plenty of water to help replenish the water that’s evaporating from your body.

It protects your tissues, spinal cord, and joints​
Water consumption helps lubricate and cushion your joints, spinal cord, and tissues. 
This will help you enjoy physical activity and lessen discomfort caused by conditions like arthritis. 

It helps excrete waste through perspiration, urination, and defecation
Adequate water intake helps your kidneys work more efficiently and helps prevent kidney stones. 
You also need enough water in your system to have healthy stool and avoid constipation. 
Your body uses water to sweat, urinate and create fluid for many functions including peeing and defecation.

It helps maximize physical performance​
Drinking plenty of water during physical activity is essential. 
Extreme dehydration can cause seizures and even death. 
You may be more susceptible to the effects of dehydration if you’re participating in endurance training or high-intensity sports such as football, for example. 
The heat also affects your strength, power, and endurance.

Disclaimer: The advice provided is intended for informational purpose only and does not substitute for professional medical advice.  Consult with your doctor if you’re seeking medical advice, diagnoses, or treatment.​

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Rithika Rajgopal

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